As the time goes on and on, digitization of text has been increasing remarkably and the need to organize, categorize and classify text has become indispensable. Disorganization and very little categorization and classification of text may result in gradual lower response time of text or information retrieval. Therefore it is very important and necessary to organize, categorize and classify texts and digitized documents according to description proposed by text mining experts and computer scientists. Automated text classification has been considered as a imperative method to manage and process a large amount of documents in digital forms that are widespread and continuously increasing. In general, text classification plays and substantial role in information extraction and text retrieval, and question answering. This paper emphasizes the text classification process using machine learning techniques.